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Untitled Document
Untitled Document
HINDU CALENDAR @ NEHTI

The following table provides the popular Daily Sheet Calendar in major Indian languages.(At present, we were able to find them only in Tamil. Others are monthly calendars. If you find daily sheet calendars in other languages, please email Info@Srilakshmi.org

Daily Sheet Calendars

The following table provides cautionary information on certain hours of a given day in a week that are to be avoided when scheduling auspicious events, (assuming sunrise at 6:00 a.m. and sunset at 6:00 p.m.). The table also provides the names of the days in Samskritam ("Vaasara"). These names are stated during Sankalpam at the start of any pooja at the temple.

Daily Hours
Day Vaasara Rahu Kaalam Guligai Yamakandam
Sunday Bhaanu 04:30 pm - 06:00 pm 03:00 pm - 04:30 pm 12:00 pm - 01:30 pm
Monday Soma 07:30 am - 09:00 am 01:30 pm - 03:00 pm 10:30 am - 12:00 pm
Tuesday Bhouma 03:00 pm - 04:30 pm 12:00 pm - 01:30 pm 09:00 am - 10:30 am
Wednesday Somya 12:00 pm - 01:30 pm 10:30 am - 12:00 pm 07:30 am - 09:00 am
Thursday Guru 01:30 pm - 03:00 pm 09:00 am - 10:30 am 06:00 am - 07:30 am
Friday Shukra/Brighu 10:30 am - 12:00 pm 07:30 am - 09:00 am 03:00 pm - 04:30 pm
Saturday Mandha/Sthira 09:00 am - 10:30 am 06:00 am - 07:30 am 01:30 pm - 03:00 pm

The following table provides the Hindu names of months, in comparison with the Gregorian calendar, in multiple languages, using Tamil/Malayalam New Year as a starting point. The table also states the "Ritu" asociated with the month, which is stated during Sankalpam. There are SIX Ritus. Orthogonally, a year ("varsha") is split into two phases ("ayanams"). The half where the sun is on a northward path (generally the first half of a Gregorian calendar - Jan-Jul) is called Uttaraayanam, and the other half where the sun is on a southward path (Jul-Jan) - Dakshinaayanam.

Daily Hours
Day Vaasara
Sunday Bhaanu
Monday Soma
Tuesday Bhouma
Wednesday Somya
Thursday Guru
Friday Shukra/Brighu
Saturday Mandha/Sthira
Day Rahu Kaalam
Sunday 04:30 pm - 06:00 pm
Monday 07:30 am - 09:00 am
Tuesday 03:00 pm - 04:30 pm
Wednesday 12:00 pm - 01:30 pm
Thursday 01:30 pm - 03:00 pm
Friday 10:30 am - 12:00 pm
Saturday 09:00 am - 10:30 am
Day Guligai
Sunday 03:00 pm - 04:30 pm
Monday 01:30 pm - 03:00 pm
Tuesday 12:00 pm - 01:30 pm
Wednesday 10:30 am - 12:00 pm
Thursday 09:00 am - 10:30 am
Friday 07:30 am - 09:00 am
Saturday 06:00 am - 07:30 am
Day Yamakandam
Sunday 12:00 pm - 01:30 pm
Monday 10:30 am - 12:00 pm
Tuesday 09:00 am - 10:30 am
Wednesday 07:30 am - 09:00 am
Thursday 06:00 am - 07:30 am
Friday 03:00 pm - 04:30 pm
Saturday 01:30 pm - 03:00 pm
Months of a Hindu Calendar
Gregorian RITU Samskritam (Chandramaanam) Samskritam(Souramaanam) Tamil Malayalam Kannada Telugu
APR - MAY VASANTHA Chaitram Mesham Chithirai Medam    
MAY - JUN VASANTHA Vaishaakham Vrishabham Vaikaasi Edavam    
JUN - JUL GREESHMA Jyeshtam Mithunam Aani Mithunam    
JUL - AUG GREESHMA Aashaadam Karkkatam Aadi Karkkitakam    
AUG - SEP VARSHA Shraavanam Simham Aavani Chingam    
SEP - OCT VARSHA Bhraadrapadham Kanya Purattasi Kanni    
OCT - NOV SHARABHA Aashwinam Thulaam Aippasi Thulaam    
NOV - DEC SHARABHA Kaarthikam Vricchikam Karthigai Vricchigam    
DEC - JAN HEMANTHA Maargsheersham Dhanu Maargazhi Dhanu    
JAN - FEB HEMANTHA Pushyam Makaram Thai Makaram    
FEB - MAR SHISHIRAM Maagham Kumbham Maasi Kumbham    
MAR - APR SHISHIRAM Phalghunam Meenam Panguni Meenam    

Another temporal entity mentioned during Sankalpams is the "Paksham".These are derived from the lunar calendar.The moon waxes and wanes in cycles. Each cycle is composed of FOURTEEN Thithis (lunar days) between the New Moon and Full Moon. In a given lunar month (of 30 days), there are essentially 30 thithis (excluding the first set of 14 Thithis is called "Shukla Paksham" - the waxing phase, and the second "Krishna Paksham" - the waning phase.

Months of a Hindu Calendar
Gregorian RITU
APR - MAY VASANTHA
MAY - JUN VASANTHA
JUN - JUL GREESHMA
JUL - AUG GREESHMA
AUG - SEP VARSHA
SEP - OCT VARSHA
OCT - NOV SHARABHA
NOV - DEC SHARABHA
DEC - JAN HEMANTHA
JAN - FEB HEMANTHA
FEB - MAR SHISHIRAM
MAR - APR SHISHIRAM
Gregorian Samskritam (Chandramaanam)
APR - MAY Chaitram
MAY - JUN Vaishaakham
JUN - JUL Jyeshtam
JUL - AUG Aashaadam
AUG - SEP Shraavanam
SEP - OCT Bhraadrapadham
OCT - NOV Aashwinam
NOV - DEC Kaarthikam
DEC - JAN Maargsheersham
JAN - FEB Pushyam
FEB - MAR Maagham
MAR - APR Phalghunam
Gregorian Samskritam(Souramaanam)
APR - MAY Mesham
MAY - JUN Vrishabham
JUN - JUL Mithunam
JUL - AUG Karkkatam
AUG - SEP Simham
SEP - OCT Kanya
OCT - NOV Thulaam
NOV - DEC Vricchikam
DEC - JAN Dhanu
JAN - FEB Makaram
FEB - MAR Kumbham
MAR - APR Meenam
Gregorian Tamil
APR - MAY Chithirai
MAY - JUN Vaikaasi
JUN - JUL Aani
JUL - AUG Aadi
AUG - SEP Aavani
SEP - OCT Purattasi
OCT - NOV Aippasi
NOV - DEC Karthigai
DEC - JAN Maargazhi
JAN - FEB Thai
FEB - MAR Maasi
MAR - APR Panguni
Gregorian Malayalam
APR - MAY Medam
MAY - JUN Edavam
JUN - JUL Mithunam
JUL - AUG Karkkitakam
AUG - SEP Chingam
SEP - OCT Kanni
OCT - NOV Thulaam
NOV - DEC Vricchigam
DEC - JAN Dhanu
JAN - FEB Makaram
FEB - MAR Kumbham
MAR - APR Meenam
Lunar Days (Thithi) and Phases (Paksham)
Amavasya Prathamai Dwitiyai Trithiyai Chaturthi Panchami Sashti Sapthami Ashtami Navami Dasami Ekaadasi Dwaadasi Thriyodasi Chaturdasi Poornima
(new
moon)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 (full
moon)
Shukla Paksham ==>
<== Krishna Paksham
The following table lists all the 27 Hindu birth stars. This is the star (nakshatram) that the Priest requests of you when performing the Sankalpam. The moon revolves around the earth in roughly 27 days, tracing a path over the sky. Our ancestors split this path into 27 units and named each unit with the name of a star, star group or constellation.
Lunar Days (Thithi) and Phases (Paksham)
Amavasya (new moon)
Prathamai 1
Dwitiyai 2
Trithiyai 3
Chaturthi 4
Panchami 5
Sashti 6
Sapthami 7
Ashtami 8
Navami 9
Dasami 10
Ekaadasi 11
Dwaadasi 12
Thriyodasi 13
Chaturdasi 14
Poornima (full moon)
Shukla Paksham ==>
<== Krishna Paksham
Hindu Birth Stars
Samskritam Tamil Malayalam
Aswini Aswathi Aswathi
Abha Bharani Bharani Bharani
Krithika Karthigai Kaarthika
Rohini Rohini Rohini
Mrigashiras Mrigasheersham Makeeryam
Aardhra Thiruvaathirai Thiruvaathira
Punarvasu Punarpoosam Punartham
Pushyam Poosam Pooyyam
Ashlesha Aayilyam Aayilyam
Makha Makam Makham
Poorvaphalguni Pooram Pooram
Uthraphalguni Uthiram Uthram
Hastha Hastham Atham
Chitra Chithirai Chitra
Swaathi Swaathi Chothi
Visaaka Visaakam Visaakam
Anuraadha Anusham Anizham
Jyeshta Kettai Thrikketta
Moola Moolam Moolam
Poorvashaada Pooraadam Pooraadam
Uthrashaada Uthiraadam Uthraadam
Shraavanam Thiruvonam Thiruvonam
Dhanishta Avittam Avittam
Shathabishak Chathayam Chathayam
Poorvabhadra Poorattathi Poorattadhi
Uthrabhadra Uthirattathi Uthrattathi
Revathi Revathi Revathi

The following table lists the various Hindu Gothras (ancestral lineage) and Pravarams (lineage of Rishis)associated with the Gothrams. This is the Gothram that the Priest requests of you when performing the Sankalpam ("Gothrauth Bhavasya"). There are 20 Gothras. Each has its own three Rishis, which arereferrred to in the Pravaram.

Hindu Birth Stars
Samskritam
Aswini
Abha Bharani
Krithika
Rohini
Mrigashiras
Aardhra
Punarvasu
Pushyam
Ashlesha
Makha
Poorvaphalguni
Uthraphalguni
Hastha
Chitra
Swaathi
Visaaka
Anuraadha
Jyeshta
Moola
Poorvashaada
Uthrashaada
Shraavanam
Dhanishta
Shathabishak
Poorvabhadra
Uthrabhadra
Revathi
Tamil
Aswathi
Bharani
Karthigai
Rohini
Mrigasheersham
Thiruvaathirai
Punarpoosam
Poosam
Aayilyam
Makam
Pooram
Uthiram
Hastham
Chithirai
Swaathi
Visaakam
Anusham
Kettai
Moolam
Pooraadam
Uthiraadam
Thiruvonam
Avittam
Chathayam
Poorattathi
Uthirattathi
Revathi
Malayalam
Aswathi
Bharani
Kaarthika
Rohini
Makeeryam
Thiruvaathira
Punartham
Pooyyam
Aayilyam
Makham
Pooram
Uthram
Atham
Chitra
Chothi
Visaakam
Anizham
Thrikketta
Moolam
Pooraadam
Uthiraadam
Thiruvonam
Avittam
Chathayam
Poorattadhi
Uthirattathi
Revathi

The following table lists the various Hindu Gothras (ancestral lineage) and Pravarams (lineage of Rishis)associated with the Gothrams. This is the Gothram that the Priest requests of you when performing the Sankalpam ("Gothrauth Bhavasya"). There are 20 Gothras. Each has its own three Rishis, which arereferrred to in the Pravaram.

Hindu Gothras
Gothram Pravaram
Aatreya Atreya, Aarchanaasa, Syaavaasva
Agastya Aagastya, Tardhachyuta, Sowmavaha
Bhadarayana Aankirasa, Paarshadaswa, Raatitara
Bharadwaja Aankirasa, Bhaarhaspatya, Bharadwaja
Gargi (variation 1) Aankirasa, Bharhaspatya, Bharadwaja, Sainya, Gargya
(variation 2) Aankirasa, Sainya, Gargya
Harita Aankirasa, Ambarisha, Yuvanasva
Kanva (variation 1) Aankirasa, Ajameeda, Kanva
(variation 2) Aankirasa, Kaura, Kanva
Kasyapa Kasyapa, Aavatsaara, Daivala
Kaundinya Vaasishta, Maithraavaruna, Kaundinya
Kausika Vaiswaamitra, Aagamarshana, Kausika
Kutsa Aankirasa, Maandhatra, Kautsa
Maudkalya (variation 1) Aankirasa, Bharmyasva, Maudkalya
(variation 2) Tarkshya, Bharmyasva, Maudkalya
(variation 3) Aankirasa, Dhavya, Maudkalya
Naitruvakaasyapa Kasyapa, Aavatsara, Naitruva
Paraasara Vaasishta, Saaktya, Paarasarya
Sandilya (variation 1) Kasyapa, Aavatsaara, Daivala
(variation 2) Kasyapa, Aavatsara, Sandilya
Shatamarshana Aankirasa, Powrukutsa, Traasatasya
Srivatsa Bhargava, Syaavana, Aapnavaana, Owrva, Jaamadaghnya
Sunkriti (variation 1) Aankirasa, Kauravidha, Saankritya
(variation 2) Sadhya, Kauravidha, Saankritya
Vatula Bhargava, Vaitahavya, Saavedasa
Viswamitra Vaiswaamitra, Devaraata, Outala

                                                      ____________________________________________________________________

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: CIM-NEHTI is grateful to Sri. T. R. Krishnan for his research and contributions to this page. REFERENCES: www.agasthiar.org

 
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